Please wait while loading your Bulletin

OIE NEWS CONTINUOUS INFORMATIONThe OIE Standard Operating Procedure to improve notification of emerging diseases of terrestrial animals

CONTINUOUS INFORMATION Posted on 2021-06-24 20:20:52

The OIE Standard Operating Procedure to improve notification of emerging diseases of terrestrial animals


Font size - A A A +

Facilitating transnational information sharing to improve terrestrial animal emerging disease risk management

The OIE has developed a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for consistently determining if a disease should be considered as ‘emerging’ according to the OIE Standards, and to facilitate and encourage sharing relevant epidemiological information across OIE Members. The SOP defines the triggers, timelines, roles, and responsibilities of those involved in the process.

Whenever an exceptional epidemiological event occurs, a timely and consistent sharing of information across countries is fundamental to prevent transboundary disease spread and to enhance competent authorities’ response. In the case of emerging diseases, where the knowledge is in general scarcer (e.g., about epidemiology and impact), the sharing of epidemiological information by Members becomes even more important, as it allows getting better understanding of the disease, and adapting ongoing surveillance and risk mitigation measures.

According to Article 1.1.4. of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code (the Terrestrial Code), OIE Members shall notify the OIE when an emerging disease has been detected in a country, zone or compartment, and send periodic reports subsequent to a notification for the time necessary to have reasonable certainty that the disease, infection or infestation has been eradicated or the situation has become stable, or until sufficient scientific information is available to determine whether it meets the criteria for inclusion in the OIE List as described in Chapter 1.2.

In order to facilitate the reporting of emerging diseases by Members with a transparent and consistent approach, the OIE developed an SOP that clearly describes the procedure, role and timelines to determine if a disease meets the Terrestrial Code definition for an emerging disease and the consequent actions, such as assessing against the aforementioned criteria described in Chapter 1.2., should the disease be considered an emerging disease.

The SOP, available from the OIE website here, has been developed by the OIE, in consultation with the relevant OIE Specialist Commissions, and is complemented by a guidance document for the interpretation of the definition for emerging diseases. This will be completed by an Emerging Diseases Register, also soon available from the OIE website, containing the list of emerging diseases that have been considered to meet the OIE definition, together with the rationale and supporting scientific evidence. The relevant Specialist Commissions will regularly review all the diseases in the OIE Register to decide if they still meet the definition for emerging disease or if the available scientific information is sufficient to assess the disease against the listing criteria of Chapter 1.2. of the Terrestrial Code.

For each identified emerging disease, a case definition will be provided for notification in order to facilitate disease reporting. Overall, this set of tools will ensure the issuing of timely notification followed by periodic updates concerning emerging disease outbreaks, allowing the gathering of relevant information for effective response and risk management.

The OIE SOP on emerging diseases (PDF)

Related informations to article

  • 12min

    Moving forward on the Global Burden of Animal Diseases (GBADs) Programme

  • 28min

    Virtual interviews as an alternative to field missions? Lessons learnt from a pilot experience

  • 29min

    Enhancing veterinary laboratory capacity in COVID-19’s wake through the first-ever virtual OIE PVS mission

  • 14min

    The third OIE Animal Welfare Global Forum

  • 26min

    Current state and future of small companion animal practice in Africa

  • 24min

    The OIE World Fund: 2020 financial performance

  • 12min

    The OIE Standard Operating Procedure to improve notification of emerging diseases of terrestrial animals

  • 15min

    The OIE Aquatic Animals Commission furthers aquatic animal health globally and delivers substantial achievements during its last term

  • 23min

    The digital archive of the OIE Bulletin from 1927 to 1982 is now available on the Documentary Portal

  • 23min

    Global report indicates decreasing trend in antimicrobials intended for use in the animal sector

  • 35min

    How disease control and animal health services can impact antimicrobial resistance. A retrospective country case study of Sweden

  • 34min

    Reflections on the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic of 2001: a United Kingdom Perspective

  • 46min

    Reflections on the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic of 2001: an Irish Perspective

  • 7min

    Safe Trade and FMD Control Training Course

  • 15min

    STAR-IDAZ International Research Consortium on Animal Health Releases a State-of-the-Art Report on Priority Animal Diseases

  • 17min

    OIE PVS Pathway missions go virtual!

  • 31min

    100-year anniversary of the origin of the OIE at the 1921 Paris International Conference

  • 23min

    First workshop of the OIE Twinning Network on Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers in West and Central Africa

  • 14min

    Taking a closer look at the 15th OIE World Fund Advisory Committee Meeting

  • 13min

    The OIE and the University of Liverpool host the launch of the Global Burden of Animal Diseases (GBADs) Programme

  • 13min

    Global leaders meet to elevate sustainable political support for antimicrobial resistance issue

  • 24min

    News from the OIE Laboratory Twinning Programme

  • 49min

    Veterinary workforce development: the relevance of skill qualification, education and occupational frameworks

  • 12min

    Assessing the risks of zoonotic diseases under the One Health approach: a new tripartite operational tool

  • 4min

    G20 statement

  • 112min

    Overcoming the impact of COVID-19 on animal welfare:
    COVID-19 Thematic Platform on Animal Welfare

  • 34min

    Twinning is winning

  • 42min

    Global Burden of Animal Diseases – building a community of practice for animal health economics

  • 7min

    Identifying and testing suitable and safe aircraft disinfectants for use on cargo planes that transport animals

  • 6min

    FAO and OIE Directors General exchange views on the cooperation between their two organisations

  • 15min

    Applying Big Data solutions to One Health challenges in the Mediterranean region

  • 8min

    Namibia’s demonstration of freedom from bovine tuberculosis

  • 10min

    Triage in the trenches, for the love of animals

  • 18min

    The OIE Rabies Vaccine Bank: a possible tool for outbreak response

  • 22min

    OIE rabies international standards: towards ‘Zero by 30’

  • 21min

    Global Strategic Plan to end human deaths from dog-mediated rabies by 2030

  • 8min

    Epidemiological survey of bovine viral diarrhoea in dairy cattle in Nepal

  • 3min

    LSD: a new challenge to the Veterinary Services of Central Asian countries

  • 15min

    Improving sustainability to avoid laboratory disasters

  • 6min

    On the frontlines of rabies eradication