Please wait while loading your Bulletin

OIE NEWS CONTINUOUS INFORMATIONEpidemiological survey of bovine viral diarrhoea in dairy cattle in Nepal

CONTINUOUS INFORMATION Posted on 2019-11-06 11:52:38

Epidemiological survey of bovine viral diarrhoea in dairy cattle in Nepal


Font size - A A A +


S. Manandhar (1)*, G.P. Yadav (2) & D.K. Singh (3)

(1) Department of Veterinary Medicine and Public Health, Agriculture and Forestry University (AFU), Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal
(2) Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS), Tribhuwan University (TU), Nepal
(3) Department of Veterinary Pathology and Clinics, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS), Tribhuwan University (TU), Nepal

* Corresponding author:


A random survey was conducted to study the seroprevalence and associated risk factors of bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) in the Western Chitwan district of Nepal, using the ‘Survey Toolbox’ sampling software. A two-stage sampling procedure was adopted. In the first stage, Village Development Committees (VDCs) were selected, and in the second stage animals were selected. A total of 350 animals from five selected VDCs were screened for BVDV antibodies by an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (indirect ELISA). The study showed the apparent overall prevalence of BVDV to be 2.6% and the true prevalence to be 2.2%, with the highest prevalence of 2.7% in Gitanagar VDC, followed by Sharadanagar (2.4%), Mangalpur (2.1%), Gunjanagar (0%) and Divyanagar (0%). The prevalence of BVDV antibodies in Jersey cross cattle was 2.4% and in Holstein–Friesian crosses it was 1.7%. In cattle of one to three years of age the prevalence was 1.2%, in those of three to five years it was 3% and in those above five years it was 2.1%. Similarly, the prevalence values in cattle with a history of abortion, infertility, diarrhoea and neonatal death were 9%, 0.95%, 5.8% and 0%, respectively. None of the risk factors studied was associated significantly with BVDV (p > 0.05). The study revealed a very low prevalence of antibodies to BVDV, which suggests that Nepal is virtually free from BVDV. To the authors’ knowledge this is the first study of bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) in Nepal, and it took place only in the Chitwan district, therefore this study has produced baseline data on BVD in Nepal which will help the authorities to investigate further.

Download the file…

Related informations to article

  • 12min

    Moving forward on the Global Burden of Animal Diseases (GBADs) Programme

  • 28min

    Virtual interviews as an alternative to field missions? Lessons learnt from a pilot experience

  • 29min

    Enhancing veterinary laboratory capacity in COVID-19’s wake through the first-ever virtual OIE PVS mission

  • 14min

    The third OIE Animal Welfare Global Forum

  • 26min

    Current state and future of small companion animal practice in Africa

  • 24min

    The OIE World Fund: 2020 financial performance

  • 12min

    The OIE Standard Operating Procedure to improve notification of emerging diseases of terrestrial animals

  • 15min

    The OIE Aquatic Animals Commission furthers aquatic animal health globally and delivers substantial achievements during its last term

  • 23min

    The digital archive of the OIE Bulletin from 1927 to 1982 is now available on the Documentary Portal

  • 23min

    Global report indicates decreasing trend in antimicrobials intended for use in the animal sector

  • 35min

    How disease control and animal health services can impact antimicrobial resistance. A retrospective country case study of Sweden

  • 34min

    Reflections on the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic of 2001: a United Kingdom Perspective

  • 46min

    Reflections on the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic of 2001: an Irish Perspective

  • 7min

    Safe Trade and FMD Control Training Course

  • 15min

    STAR-IDAZ International Research Consortium on Animal Health Releases a State-of-the-Art Report on Priority Animal Diseases

  • 17min

    OIE PVS Pathway missions go virtual!

  • 31min

    100-year anniversary of the origin of the OIE at the 1921 Paris International Conference

  • 23min

    First workshop of the OIE Twinning Network on Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers in West and Central Africa

  • 14min

    Taking a closer look at the 15th OIE World Fund Advisory Committee Meeting

  • 13min

    The OIE and the University of Liverpool host the launch of the Global Burden of Animal Diseases (GBADs) Programme

  • 13min

    Global leaders meet to elevate sustainable political support for antimicrobial resistance issue

  • 24min

    News from the OIE Laboratory Twinning Programme

  • 49min

    Veterinary workforce development: the relevance of skill qualification, education and occupational frameworks

  • 12min

    Assessing the risks of zoonotic diseases under the One Health approach: a new tripartite operational tool

  • 4min

    G20 statement

  • 112min

    Overcoming the impact of COVID-19 on animal welfare:
    COVID-19 Thematic Platform on Animal Welfare

  • 34min

    Twinning is winning

  • 42min

    Global Burden of Animal Diseases – building a community of practice for animal health economics

  • 7min

    Identifying and testing suitable and safe aircraft disinfectants for use on cargo planes that transport animals

  • 6min

    FAO and OIE Directors General exchange views on the cooperation between their two organisations

  • 15min

    Applying Big Data solutions to One Health challenges in the Mediterranean region

  • 8min

    Namibia’s demonstration of freedom from bovine tuberculosis

  • 10min

    Triage in the trenches, for the love of animals

  • 18min

    The OIE Rabies Vaccine Bank: a possible tool for outbreak response

  • 22min

    OIE rabies international standards: towards ‘Zero by 30’

  • 21min

    Global Strategic Plan to end human deaths from dog-mediated rabies by 2030

  • 8min

    Epidemiological survey of bovine viral diarrhoea in dairy cattle in Nepal

  • 3min

    LSD: a new challenge to the Veterinary Services of Central Asian countries

  • 15min

    Improving sustainability to avoid laboratory disasters

  • 6min

    On the frontlines of rabies eradication